· -f|-force: Forces an immediate shutdown of the database instance, even if SAP users are connected
Default: Does not force a shutdown.
· -i|-instance: Defines which database instances are to be shut
Syntax: -i|-instance all_inst|all_up|<instance>|<instance_list>
Ў all_inst shuts all instances of an Oracle Real Application Cluster (RAC). With option –f|-force, first starts up stopped instances before shutting them down, enabling a clean shutdown of aborted instances.
Ў all_up shuts all database instances that are currently up, that is, running
Ў <instance> shuts the specified instance
Ў <instance_list> shuts the specified instances
Default: the database instance defined by the ORACLE_SID environment variable
You only need to specify database instances for Oracle RAC.
· -m|-mode: Defines the mode in which the database instance shuts
Syntax: -m|-mode immediate|normal|transactional|abort
Ў immediate shuts the database immediately after ending all user sessions and stopping all transactions (open transactions are rolled back)
Ў normal shuts the database cleanly after waiting for all users to disconnect.
Ў transactional shuts the database cleanly after waiting for all transactions to finish
Ў abort shuts the database immediately without rolling back open transactions
For more information on shutdown modes, see the Oracle documentation.